sql函数 的 SQL SUM()函数

SQL SUM函数用来计算一个字段各个记录的总和。

理解SUM函数,考虑一个employee_tbl表T,其具有以下记录:

SQL> SELECT * FROM employee_tbl;
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
| id   | name | work_date  | daily_typing_pages |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
|    1 | John | 2007-01-24 |                250 |
|    2 | Ram  | 2007-05-27 |                220 |
|    3 | Jack | 2007-05-06 |                170 |
|    3 | Jack | 2007-04-06 |                100 |
|    4 | Jill | 2007-04-06 |                220 |
|    5 | Zara | 2007-06-06 |                300 |
|    5 | Zara | 2007-02-06 |                350 |
+------+------+------------+--------------------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

现在假设您想要计算上述表中所有dialy_typing_pages的总各, 那么你可以使用以下命令这样做:

SQL> SELECT SUM(daily_typing_pages)
    -> FROM employee_tbl;
+-------------------------+
| SUM(daily_typing_pages) |
+-------------------------+
|                    1610 |
+-------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

可以使用GROUP BY子句中各种记录的总和。 下面的例子将所有涉及到一个人的记录的总和。

SQL> SELECT name, SUM(daily_typing_pages)
    -> FROM employee_tbl GROUP BY name;
+------+-------------------------+
| name | SUM(daily_typing_pages) |
+------+-------------------------+
| Jack |                     270 |
| Jill |                     220 |
| John |                     250 |
| Ram  |                     220 |
| Zara |                     650 |
+------+-------------------------+
5 rows in set (0.17 sec)

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